Introduction to Hotel & Tourism
Concept of tourism: The concepts of tourism adopted (accepted) by the international association of scientific experts in tourism was put forward by the swiss Professors Hunkier and Kraft as follows: “tourism is the sum of phenomena (experience/ occurrence/ fact) and relationship arising (happen/occur/take place) from the travel and stay of nonresidents in so far as they do not lead to permanent resident and are not connected with any earning activity.” Since then the basic concepts has been broadened (spread out/ expand/ enlarge) to include various forms of business and vocational travel because their economical significance is same.
On an analysis of the above the definition we find the features of tourism:
- Tourism arises the movement of people to, and their stay in, various destinations.
- There are two elements in all tourism – the journey to the destination and stay.
- The journey to the stay should take place outside the normal place of residence and work.
- The movement to destination is of a temporary character with the intention to return within a few days. Tourism is expected to spend a minimum of 24 hours and maximum of six month in the destination.
- Destinations are visited for the purpose other than taking permanent residence or employment.
Tourism is a leisure activity, which involves as a wise judgment use of participation in tourism. But character of tourism distinguishes from migration, which means a long-term population movement with a view to taking up permanent residents.
- The purpose of travel or visit, which express a practical motivation.
- It is usually necessary to define the time element. The minimum and maximum period have to be established for a particular purpose.
- Much tourism is characterized by seasonality or periodically (the high connectionof visitor activity at particular of the year).
New concept: According to WTO “Tourism comprises the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.”